you have the same chance of getting the job you want everywhere in Canada?
No. Canada is a large country and job opportunities are different for
- Each region has job
opportunities based on the geography of that area. For example, jobs
in forestry, mining and manufacturing are available in different
regions of Canada.
- Jobs are also affected by changes in the economy.
- The demand for workers in some occupations and trades, such as
farming, fishing and construction, is affected by the season of the
Where can you find information and advice on how to find a job?
Human Resources Centres
of Canada (HRCC), which specialize in helping people find jobs, can
provide you with helpful information. Look in your telephone directory's
blue pages for the HRCC or the federal Information Centre in your area.
Also, your immigrant- serving agency can help you.
HRCC counsellors and staff may be able to help in several ways:
- tell you about job
and language training, and work creation programs for newcomers;
- give you information to plan your job search, tell you where to have
your documents translated or where to get help preparing a resume; and
- give you names of immigrant-serving agencies that might have more
Each HRCC has a
computerized job bank that lists available jobs by occupation or
profession, and by location. Read the job descriptions carefully and
make sure your application clearly shows your ability to do the work.
You can also find useful tips on the ConWorkNet Internet site. It
provides information on jobs and recruiting, career planning, training
and qualifications, the labour market, financial help, and more. The
address is: http://www.canworknet.ca/
Where else are jobs listed?
In the classified
advertisements section of daily newspapers. Jobs are advertised
according to trade, profession or service industry. Another section
called 'Careers' advertises professional or managerial jobs.
The business pages of the newspaper often have information on the local
economy and job market.
In many areas, there are weekly or monthly employment papers which
advertise jobs. These papers are usually free and are available at many
Employment agencies that hire temporary or contract staff are listed in
the Yellow Pages of the telephone directory. You do not have to pay an
agency or a company when you are looking for a job. The company that
uses your services will pay the agency.
The Electronic Labour Exchange (ELE) is an Internet site of Human
Resources Development Canada that matches jobs to people and people to
jobs. Using ELE, both employers and job seekers can build profiles by
choosing from 25,000 recognized career occupations. Both employers and
job seekers can then request a "match" based on the completed profiles.
The address is: http://ele.ingenia.com
Are there informal sources of information about jobs?
One of the best ways to
learn about jobs is to talk to people, either individuals you already
know or contacts you have made through trade or professional groups,
clubs or associations in your community.
This group of people is called your 'network'. Even if they cannot help
you find a job, they can provide you with information, suggestions and
names of people to call, as well as support and encouragement.
Should you have a resume?
Yes. Most employers want
a list of your skills, education or training, and work and volunteer
experience. The resume should be one to three pages, typed, and
Several sources of help are available if you need it. Job- finding
clubs, HRCC counsellors and reception houses may be able to help at no
cost. You can buy self-help books or borrow them from a library. For a
fee, a company or individual who specializes in writing resumes will
help you write one.
What documents do you need to get a job in Canada?
Take most, or all, of
the following documents to any job interview. Never leave behind or mail
original documents. Photocopies are accepted.
Documents brought with you to Canada:
- passport, birth
- educational diplomas, degrees and certificates;
- trade or professional certifications, qualifications; and
- letters of recommendation (preferably in English or French).
Documents obtained in
- Record of Landing
- Social Insurance Number; and
- Where necessary, professional English or French translations of
documents, letters and/or recommendations which may be confusing in
Will you find the job you want quickly?
If you practised a
profession or trade in your country of origin, you may need to upgrade
your skills to meet Canadian requirements. Your qualifications may not
be accepted until you have Canadian documents or training, some work
experience and good ability in English or French. Until then, you may
have to accept another job.
What steps should you take to find a job?
Describe, in realistic
terms: (a) the job(s) you want; and (b) the job(s) you would accept
while looking for something better.
2. Collect all the documents you might need:
- diplomas, degrees,
certificates and other qualifications;
- letters of recommendation;
- Social Insurance Number (SIN); and
- driver's licence (if necessary).
3. Write a resume of
your education, work and volunteer experience, skills and
4. Learn about the labour market in your area.
5. Start and expand a network of people who might be able to direct
you toward a job.
6. Check and follow up on advertisements, want ads and jobs posted
in Human Resources Centres of Canada.
7. Attend interviews.
8. Telephone or write back after interviews.
9. Look for as many jobs as you can rather than wait for a
particular job to come up.
10. Keep your hopes up and look for support as you continue trying.
Finding a job requires hard work and persistence.
What else should you do?
- Improve your English
- Gain Canadian work experience even if it is not in your trade, skill
- Improve your job skills and Canadian credentials. Doing volunteer work
- Understand that your first job in Canada may be the first step toward
a better job.